I originally published this post this way back in may 2006. To date it is the most popular post on my site. Since then though a lot of tools have come out that make diagnosing a slow WordPress install a little easier. Here are sow updated tips that can help you get in the right direction.
Tip #1 – What Plugins are You Running?
My original post outlined how I had disabled all of my plugins and reverted my site back to the default WordPress theme to find out if the site would run fine at it’s basic level. From there I added plugins back one-by-one until I found which one slowed my site down. You can still troubleshoot it that way but there is an easier way.
Jason Jacobs linked to my original article from his article in which he had learned how to use Firebug, a Firefox/IE browser plugin, to find what plugin was slowing his site down. In Firebug their is an inspector that will tell you how long it is taking individual items to load. If there is is a plugin that is not optimized then it is probably going to stand out so you can see if their is an update or an alternative for it.
In my case when I originally wrote the article it was a Lightbox plugin that slowing my site down. I deactivated the plugin and found another one that load quicker. Issue solved.
Here are links to Jason Jacobs article and the Firebug plugin:
Tip #2 – Cache Baby, Cache
The biggest strength and weakness of WordPress in my opinion is the that it is a completely database driven CMS. This is good in that only the parts of the site that you are editing get updated when you hit save unlike MovableType which has to rewrite ever page of the site. The downfall to being database driven is that ever time you load a page or post in your browser then the database needs to be queried in order to render the page.
What caching does is make a temporary snapshot of each page and post of your site and gives that to your visitors instead of querying the database. This results in your pages and posts being served up much quicker and also reduces the load on your server. When you update a page the caching plugin automatically rewrites its copy so that your visitors get the newer version.
I have started to roll out caching on my WordPress sites and for some of my clients and I have to say that I have been impressed. There is a noticeable difference in how quick pages are loaded. This makes me especially happy since recently Google has stated that they are now going to incorporate page load times into the algorithm they use to determine search engine results. That means you can actually rank lower in search engine results if you site loads slowly.
The other benefit to caching is that if you get a large rush of traffic all of a sudden from a site like digg, Facebook, or Twitter. Without caching most shared hosting cannot query the database quick enough to WordPress show the message “Unable to Establish Database Connection” instead of your page or post. This can be a nightmare if you were trying to make affiliate or Adsense revenue off the page.
I personally use the WP Super Cache and I have been very happy with it. Note: Setup can be a little involved. Be sure to read the instructions carefully so that it is installed properly on your site.
- W3 Total Cache – Caching, JS and CSS optimization, and CDN (Content Delivery Network) support
- CloudFlare – This is not a plugin but a caching service for your website. I am currently trying it danmasters.net and am impressed with the results so far. This service will also keep your site up if your hosting goes down.
Tip #3 – Who is Your Host?
You have scrubbed your plugins and they all load around the same amount of time. You have installed the caching plugin and you saw a little improvement. Unfortunately though your site is still loading slow.
What could it be?
I have been working with WordPress for around 5 years now and I have run it on a lot of different hosting companies. The reason for using different companies was that I had done all on my end for my sites to run good but their servers just could not keep up. From downtime to slowness I have seen a few not so good hosting companies out there.
The reason for the slowness of certain web hosting companies comes down to volume. They just have too may people/web sites on a single server. WordPress especially puts a load on MySQL servers as most people do not use caching. The only way to remedy this is to switch hosting companies.
Personally I have used Hostgator (affiliate link) for the last 3 years and have been very happy with them. I run about 20 websites on their shared hosting and get about 10k visitis a month without an issue. I have also started to use wpengine.com on one site to test their WordPress only hosting. So far it is speedy and they are quick to make updates to WordPress so I don’t have to.
From my experience here is a list of host that have not been so great running WordPress:
- Godaddy – great for domain names but hosting is not so great – They are also partnered up with CloudFlare
- Network Solutions – not great for domain names or hosting IMO
- Jodo Host – This is who I had before Hostgator. They are better now but still not as good as Hostgator
If you have tried the other too solutions above and still are having issue then I would check out a different hosting company.
You may notice that some of the comments below in regard to this article are old – very old. That is because I originally wrote this article in May of 2006. In that time I have got a lot a traffic to it but after 4 years the material was dated. I just refreshed the article in June 2012 so to info should be good for a while. Happy troubleshooting!